NSOs must improve data and statistics required for GHG inventories

NSOs must improve data and statistics required for GHG inventories in collaboration with agencies responsible for greenhouse gas inventories including energy, industry, transport, agriculture, waste, forestry and land use statistics. This is particularly the case for NSOs in Annex I Parties to UNFCCC with annual inventory reporting obligations, but NSO’s involvement would be helpful in all countries reporting on greenhouse gas inventories. To harmonize and streamline their work on GHG inventories, NSOs may wish to consider the following issues and actions:

Good Practices

Name of the caseCountryBrief descriptionResultsDifficultiesFurther information
Using official statistics to calculate GHG Bosnia HerzegovinaNSO was not directly involved in climate-change agreements and implementation in the country; working with partners to establish GHG statisticsPublication of regular statistical releases “Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and waste sector”- lack of understanding the importance and necessity of establishing environmental economic accounts in key institutions
- lack of inter-institutional cooperation
- the absence of a functioning network data management

Increase the analytical usefulness of inventories with statistics

CanadaStatistics Canada recasts official Canadian GHG emissions data into GHG emissions accounts to provide users with a tool better suited to economic analysis.The office explains the differences between the inventory concepts and the SEEA-CF concepts so there is no confusion among users.

- There are large conceptual differences between the inventories and official statistics. They need to be clearly explained to users.

Improving statistics for inventories with targeted measuresChinaThe National Bureau of Statistics of China has a work plan to strengthen its statistics to better measure climate change and especially greenhouse gas emissionsThe work plan provides a useful example of planning work that involves many agencies- unclear responsibilities between agencies may prevent progress, which is why this work plan was prepared in wide collaborationWord