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Social Expenditure

• The database has been developed to monitor trends in aggregate social expenditure as well as changes in its composition. SOCX includes historical series from 1980 reliable and internationally comparable statistics on public and (mandatory and voluntary) private social expenditure at programme level classified under the major social policy areas. This version also includes estimates of net total social spending for 2009 for 30 OECD countries. See

 Objectives and outputs

• SOCX provides a unique tool for monitoring trends in aggregate social expenditure and analysing changes in its composition. It covers 34 OECD countries for the period 1980-2009/10 and estimates for 2010-2012. The main social policy areas are as follows: Old age, Survivors, Incapacity-related benefits, Health, Family, Active labour market programmes, Unemployment, Housing, and Other social policy areas.

• Social Expenditure Database: data collection (in co-operation with Eurostat for EU countries) and dissemination on the internet of expenditure data, programme by programme, grouped in the main expenditure categories, since 1980.

• In November 2012 the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) has been updated together with the publication of a brief on Social spending after the crisis.

• The OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) is available via the OECD statistical browser OECD.stat. 

• SOCX covers 34 OECD countries for the period 1980-2009/10 and for the first time includes estimates on total public social spending for 2010-2012.

• The SOCX methodological guide can be found in the OECD Working Paper #124 "Is the European welfare state really more expensive? Indicators on social spending, 1980-2012 and a manual to the OECD Social Expenditure database (SOCX)" .


 • Social expenditures

 Main Developments for 2013

 General aspects

• The work on short term public social spending projections will be carried on regularly to better monitor trends in aggregate social expenditure.

 • Possibility of inclusion of net social spending indicators into OECD.stat.

 Data collection

• A questionnaire on Aggregated Social Expenditure Data will be sent at the beginning of 2013 within the framework of the regular update on projections on national aggregates for 2012 and estimates for 2013.