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1.1 Population and migration (ILO)
Migrant Workers

Ongoing technical assistance:

• The ILO will continue to provide assistance to countries with the measurement of international labour migration through special modules for attachment into household surveys, particularly labour force surveys.

Ongoing international collaboration

• The ILO will continue to participate in the meetings and activities of the Global Migration Group (GMG) to promote coherence between labour statistics and international migration statistics.

Economically active population

• Estimates and projections of the economically active population (EAP) and activity rates by age group and sex have been published since 1971. The most recent edition of the Estimates and Projections of Economically Active Population (EAPEP database) released in October 2011 covers the period 1990-2020 for 191 countries and territories (available at They are based on the 2010 Revision of the World Population Prospects, released in June 2011 by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The methodologies for both estimates and projections have been improved and published. Transparency has also been increased, as detailed metadata are now available for each data point. A review of the methodologies of EAP projections used at the national and international levels will soon be published. The next important release would take place in autumn 2013, just after the next release of the UN population figures. For the year 2012, it is planned to undertake revisions for some countries, that do not undertake frequently Labour Force Surveys and for which new data would become available.

1.2 Labour (ILO)
Labour Statistics

Rural Employment Statistics

• Close the data gap by collecting from ILO member States core labour statistics by rural and urban areas. This is being done through the annual ILO Questionnaires.

• Maintain the ILO rural labour statistics dataset covers 80 countries and territories, see:

• Enhance the knowledge-base by releasing rural labour market indicators and ILO rural analysis of indicators derived from the special dataset, (charts, graphics, maps of main world regions and by country) see:

• Develop and build capacity for labour force surveys to exploit rural-urban disaggregations in pursuance of the Department's technical cooperation activities.

• Carry on developmental research to define rural areas for statistical measurement purposes, see also ILO rural synopsis (inventory of characteristics of rural labour statistics series and criteria used to define the rural-urban classification:

• The ILO will continue to supplement its portion of the Joint FAO ILO Website on Rural Employment, focusing on agricultural and non-agricultural labour, including unpaid services in rural households and agricultural holdings for own-consumption.

Volunteer work

• A manual on measuring volunteer work has been prepared and is available online in the three working languages at Its recommendations have been applied in a number of European countries, such as Poland, Italy and Montenegro, and other countries, including Moldova, will be applying them in the following years.

Administrative Records

• The ILO will produce the 2nd edition of the SSM series.

Ongoing methodological work

Working Time

• The ILO will continue to work on time-use classifications as an instrument to serve the measurement of work and working time statistics within and beyond the production boundary.

• The ILO will continue to develop the Training Curriculum on Understanding Time Use Surveys to Promote Gender Equality", a modular technical cooperation and training tool.

Measurement of decent work and quality of employment

• Work will continue on the collection and publication of the key ILO decent work indicators and will present to the forthcoming ICLS a state of advancement of how the decent work indicators have been implemented and used by countries.

• A "Reference Guide on Decent Work Indicators" will be published in the first half of 2012.

• As a member of the UNECE Working Group on the Measurement of the Quality of Employment, the ILO will provide technical contribution to the WG's planned activities.

Forced labour

• The ILO has developed a database on forced labour, which relies on secondary sources and includes information on reported cases. In 2005, this database was used to calculate the ILO's first global estimate of the total number of forced labour victims in the world. The ILO is also focusing on technical cooperation for developing reliable national statistics at the country-level, and providing benchmarks by which progress can be measured over time. Eight countries from different regions have initially been selected for producing these national estimates, guided by the recommendations from a workshop held in December 2006. Following a review, more countries will be selected. The findings for a wider range of countries will be assessed in the 2012.

Data collection

Since its establishment over 90 years ago, the ILO has been collecting and disseminating statistics on a wide array of labour topics. The ILO central data warehouse for labour statistics is LABORSTA. All the series described below can be accessed at

• Annual data on the economically active population, employment, unemployment, hours of work, wages, labour cost, consumer price indices, occupational injuries and strikes and lockouts are collected regularly for dissemination in the ILO Yearbook of Labour Statistics, by CD-ROM and on the LABORSTA website which is updated each month. Descriptions of the methods used to compile these statistics are produced and disseminated in the Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics series of publications, by CD-ROM and on the LABORSTA website. Beginning in 2006, the Yearbook has been published in two volumes: i) Volume 1 has time series for each country usually covering the preceding ten years, and ii) Volume 2 has a "country profile" format showing the latest available labour statistics for each country.

• The yearly data collection and the ILO Yearbook of Statistics were temporarily discontinued in 2010 in order to allow a thorough review of the topics and methods of ILO data collection. As a result of this process, the former October Inquiry was discontinued.  For some specific topic areas, the review process involved two rounds of consultations with statistical experts and key tripartite experts worldwide yielding a new ILO yearly indicators questionnaire containing many traditional topics as well as new ones and more standardized variables and indicators for purposes of greater comparability. The new questionnaire was sent to National Statistics Offices and Ministries of Labour worldwide at the end of 2011 and requested annual data for 2009 and 2010; these are expected to be published during the first quarter of 2012.

• Following the 2008 financial crisis which rapidly deteriorated the labour market situation in many countries, the ILO started to publish in December 2008 selected statistics on employment, unemployment, wages, working time, and consumer prices at the country level for which data are produced on a monthly or quarterly basis. These indicators have been selected for their ability to reflect recent and short-term changes. The data are updated and disseminated each month in the online short-term indicators of the labour market database of the ILO Department of Statistics This work will continue in 2012. Aggregate global estimates are available based on real data from reporting countries, as well as aggregate estimates for groupings of developed and developing countries. Data can be accessed by topic and by country and seasonally adjusted data are available for key short-term labour market variables and indicators to allow users to better analyze period-to-period changes. Regular updates of these estimates will be carried out throughout 2012.

• Data on public sector employment for 140 countries, areas and territories are updated with biannual periodicity, the last update started at the end of 2010 and were finalized in 2011.

• A number of other data series are updated less frequently. These include the databases on :
  - household income and expenditure statistics;
  - informal employment;
  - employment in the informal sector;
  - trade union membership;
  - labour migration.

• In addition to expanding the coverage of the topics and the coverage of the countries and territories, significant efforts are being made to improve the quality of the statistics collected and disseminated and (ii) to reduce the reporting burden on national statistical bodies. The latter includes the collaboration with UNSD with respect to data sharing of statistics on the economically active population, the joint data collection with Eurostat for the Member States of the European Union on strikes and lockouts, and the use of electronic questionnaires. The Department of Statistics is working on the possibility of exchanging data and metadata more rapidly by using SDMX and other electronic means.

• A new survey to collect information on collective bargaining coverage and trade union density will be carried out in 2012. The purpose of this survey is to develop statistical indicators of social dialogue and workplace relations.

• In addition to expanding the coverage of the topics and the coverage of the countries and territories, significant efforts are being made to improve the quality of the statistics collected and disseminated and (ii) to reduce the reporting burden on national statistical bodies. The latter includes the collaboration with UNSD with respect to data sharing of statistics on the economically active population, the joint data collection with Eurostat for the Member States of the European Union on strikes and lockouts, and the use of electronic questionnaires. The Department of Statistics is working on the possibility of exchanging data and metadata more rapidly by using SDMX and other electronic means.

G-20 Labour Statistics Update Reports

• Given the ILO's recent status as a full member of the G20, it has been actively involved in providing up-to-date information on the impact of the current economic crisis on the labour market for G20 countries. In April 2010, the ILO produced a series of statistical labour market reports by country as well as the summary report for the full set of countries "Employment and labour market adjustments in G20 Countries during 2007-09 and outlook for 2010: A statistical overview" for the G20 Labour Ministerial Meeting in Washington, DC. The full set of documents can be found at: The ILO also produced the report, "Weak employment recovery with persistent high unemployment and decent work deficits: An update on employment and labour market trends in G20 countries" for the G20 Summit in Seoul, Korea held in November 2010; this document can be found at: This work continued in 2011, and will continue in 2012 as requested.

The ILO set of Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM)

• The Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) is a multi-functional research tool offered by the ILO with the aim of making labour market information and analysis easily accessible. It contains a core set of 18 labour market indicators and accompanying trends analysis that together provide a framework for monitoring various facets of the world of work. The first KILM was released in 1999. It has since become a flagship product of the ILO and is used on a daily basis by researchers and policy-makers throughout the world. The 7th edition was released in November 2011.

1.5 Income and consumption (ILO)
Household Income and Expenditure

New activities:

• Work is being planned on the preparation of a technical guide on household income and expenditure statistics, in collaboration with the International Household Survey Network.

Data collection:

• Statistics and metadata on household income and expenditure are available at

1.6 Social protection (ILO)
Social Security Schemes

The new ILO Social Security Inquiry collects statistics on social security expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels from both developed and developing world. Its revised methodological approach is compatible as far as possible with SNA, with the EUROSTAT-ESSPROS approach to social protection revenue, and expenditure statistics, with OECD Social Protection Expenditure database and with IMF's 2001 Government Finance Statistics guidelines. In addition, coverage and benefit level data are collected and used for constructing coverage indicators by social security risk or contingency. The ILO social security inquiry presents an inventory of national social protection schemes in order to collect data directly from the institutions that manage each of them, especially data on the coverage of the population, contributions and benefit levels and expenditure. In many countries, neither statistical offices nor ministries of welfare and social affairs collect data on all social protection programmes administered by different agencies. Data are collected and disseminated through the ILO Social Security Database, which contains on-line data entry module which can possibly be used directly by institutions administering social security schemes as well as automatic import utilities to include data from external compatible databases (such as SOCX OECD social expenditure data). A limited and regularly updated set of indicators on social security expenditure and coverage is now available for most Eastern European countries starting from 2000 to the latest available year. First results for nine countries in South-Eastern Europe were summarized in ILO (2005): Social Security Spending in South-Eastern Europe, Budapest: ILO. More recently updated data and indicators covering both expenditure and coverage have been published in the first edition of the World Social Security Report 2010/11.

• The ILO published The World Social Security Report 2010/11 Providing coverage in times of crisis and beyond with provides a factual basis to support the development of national social security policies. It is the first in a series of World Social Security Reports which will also help to monitor the global progress on social security coverage and thus support the ILO's campaign to extend coverage. The report and related statistical data and indicators in Excel format are available on-line on the ILO Social Security Department platform at:

• Historical data (1949-1993) on revenues and expenditure of social security schemes from 22 European countries are available on database on-line, deve loped by EURODATA Research Archive of the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) in cooperation with the ILO. Data for other countries are available on-line on the ILO website at

• The ILO has also published series of in-depth reports on social protection, which contain a broad range of statistics (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER). UNECE countries covered are Poland and the Slovak Republic.

• The ILO has developed - in cooperation with the Council of Europe - a manual on statistical data requirements and indicators related to reporting on compliance with ILO Convention No. 102 on minimum standards in social security and with the European Code of Social Security.

• The International Social Security Association (ISSA) continues its work to develop the statistical capacity of its members in developing countries and contributes to the development of international standards on social security/social protection statistics.

• The ILO intends to review and, if necessary, propose revisions to further develop the international standards on statistics of social security/social protection as laid down in the Resolution concerning the development of social security statistics, adopted by the 9th ICLS (1957). This was discussed at the 17th ICLS.

Data collection:

• Collection and analysis of statistical data on the performance of national social protection schemes in certain countries as well as on the extent of coverage by and exclusion from social protection (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER).

• Collection and analysis of statistical data on social protection expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels, available on the ILO Social Security Department Databases (with a broader focus than the previous "Inquiry into the Cost of Social Security"), see: the Social Security Inquiry, the social security expenditure and mechanisms databases (

• Collection of detailed statistical data for actuarial valuations of social security schemes.

• Within the framework of the activities on the informal economy, the Social Protection Sector is developing a module with limited number of questions on social protection to be integrated into the regular household surveys. This is undertaken by all units in collaboration with STAT with the aim of enhancing the use of this particular source to collect relevant data on social protection.

• The International Social Security Association (ISSA), in collaboration with the United States Social Security Administration, collects information on the range of contingencies covered by social security schemes and disseminates it with Social Security Programmes throughout the World (SSPTW) (see and with the ISSA information service, Social Security Worldwide. The ISSA also collects data on the legal framework and governance of Public Social Insurance Reserve Funds as well as their asset allocation and expenditure.

1.10 Political and other community activities (ILO)
Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining Agreements

Ongoing methodological work:

An updated and expanded database on trade union membership has been disseminated on the ILO Department of Statistics webpage. It is accompanied by a methodological note on sources of these statistics. This is just the first phase of building the social dialogue indicators database focused on collecting and updating key industrial relations data relating to trade union membership, trade union density and collective bargaining coverage. An appropriate methodology is also being developed with a view to applying a standard approach to the collection and analysis of such data. The inclusion of social dialogue indicators in the ILO annual questionnaire (see section on data collection) aims to provide a comprehensive account of available statistical information on trade union density and collective bargaining coverage and to provide inputs to the ILO for developing international guidelines for their measurement to enhance their comparability.