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1. Demographic and social statistics (ILO)
1.1 Population and migration (ILO)
Migrant Workers

Ongoing technical assistance:

• The ILO will continue to provide assistance to countries with the measurement of international labour migration through special modules for attachment into household surveys, particularly labour force surveys.

Ongoing international collaboration

• The ILO will continue to participate in the meetings and activities of the Global Migration Group (GMG) to promote coherence between labour statistics and international migration statistics.

Economically active population

• Estimates and projections of the economically active population (EAP) and activity rates by age group and sex have been published since 1971. The most recent edition of the Estimates and Projections of Economically Active Population (EAPEP database) released in October 2011 covers the period 1990-2020 for 191 countries and territories (available at They are based on the 2010 Revision of the World Population Prospects, released in June 2011 by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The methodologies for both estimates and projections have been improved and published. Transparency has also been increased, as detailed metadata are now available for each data point. A review of the methodologies of EAP projections used at the national and international levels will soon be published. The next important release would take place in autumn 2013, just after the next release of the UN population figures. For the year 2012, it is planned to undertake revisions for some countries, that do not undertake frequently Labour Force Surveys and for which new data would become available.

1.2 Labour (ILO)
Labour Statistics

Rural Employment Statistics

• Close the data gap by collecting from ILO member States core labour statistics by rural and urban areas. This is being done through the annual ILO Questionnaires.

• Maintain the ILO rural labour statistics dataset covers 80 countries and territories, see:

• Enhance the knowledge-base by releasing rural labour market indicators and ILO rural analysis of indicators derived from the special dataset, (charts, graphics, maps of main world regions and by country) see:

• Develop and build capacity for labour force surveys to exploit rural-urban disaggregations in pursuance of the Department's technical cooperation activities.

• Carry on developmental research to define rural areas for statistical measurement purposes, see also ILO rural synopsis (inventory of characteristics of rural labour statistics series and criteria used to define the rural-urban classification:

• The ILO will continue to supplement its portion of the Joint FAO ILO Website on Rural Employment, focusing on agricultural and non-agricultural labour, including unpaid services in rural households and agricultural holdings for own-consumption.

Volunteer work

• A manual on measuring volunteer work has been prepared and is available online in the three working languages at Its recommendations have been applied in a number of European countries, such as Poland, Italy and Montenegro, and other countries, including Moldova, will be applying them in the following years.

Administrative Records

• The ILO will produce the 2nd edition of the SSM series.

Ongoing methodological work

Working Time

• The ILO will continue to work on time-use classifications as an instrument to serve the measurement of work and working time statistics within and beyond the production boundary.

• The ILO will continue to develop the Training Curriculum on Understanding Time Use Surveys to Promote Gender Equality", a modular technical cooperation and training tool.

Measurement of decent work and quality of employment

• Work will continue on the collection and publication of the key ILO decent work indicators and will present to the forthcoming ICLS a state of advancement of how the decent work indicators have been implemented and used by countries.

• A "Reference Guide on Decent Work Indicators" will be published in the first half of 2012.

• As a member of the UNECE Working Group on the Measurement of the Quality of Employment, the ILO will provide technical contribution to the WG's planned activities.

Forced labour

• The ILO has developed a database on forced labour, which relies on secondary sources and includes information on reported cases. In 2005, this database was used to calculate the ILO's first global estimate of the total number of forced labour victims in the world. The ILO is also focusing on technical cooperation for developing reliable national statistics at the country-level, and providing benchmarks by which progress can be measured over time. Eight countries from different regions have initially been selected for producing these national estimates, guided by the recommendations from a workshop held in December 2006. Following a review, more countries will be selected. The findings for a wider range of countries will be assessed in the 2012.

Data collection

Since its establishment over 90 years ago, the ILO has been collecting and disseminating statistics on a wide array of labour topics. The ILO central data warehouse for labour statistics is LABORSTA. All the series described below can be accessed at

• Annual data on the economically active population, employment, unemployment, hours of work, wages, labour cost, consumer price indices, occupational injuries and strikes and lockouts are collected regularly for dissemination in the ILO Yearbook of Labour Statistics, by CD-ROM and on the LABORSTA website which is updated each month. Descriptions of the methods used to compile these statistics are produced and disseminated in the Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics series of publications, by CD-ROM and on the LABORSTA website. Beginning in 2006, the Yearbook has been published in two volumes: i) Volume 1 has time series for each country usually covering the preceding ten years, and ii) Volume 2 has a "country profile" format showing the latest available labour statistics for each country.

• The yearly data collection and the ILO Yearbook of Statistics were temporarily discontinued in 2010 in order to allow a thorough review of the topics and methods of ILO data collection. As a result of this process, the former October Inquiry was discontinued.  For some specific topic areas, the review process involved two rounds of consultations with statistical experts and key tripartite experts worldwide yielding a new ILO yearly indicators questionnaire containing many traditional topics as well as new ones and more standardized variables and indicators for purposes of greater comparability. The new questionnaire was sent to National Statistics Offices and Ministries of Labour worldwide at the end of 2011 and requested annual data for 2009 and 2010; these are expected to be published during the first quarter of 2012.

• Following the 2008 financial crisis which rapidly deteriorated the labour market situation in many countries, the ILO started to publish in December 2008 selected statistics on employment, unemployment, wages, working time, and consumer prices at the country level for which data are produced on a monthly or quarterly basis. These indicators have been selected for their ability to reflect recent and short-term changes. The data are updated and disseminated each month in the online short-term indicators of the labour market database of the ILO Department of Statistics This work will continue in 2012. Aggregate global estimates are available based on real data from reporting countries, as well as aggregate estimates for groupings of developed and developing countries. Data can be accessed by topic and by country and seasonally adjusted data are available for key short-term labour market variables and indicators to allow users to better analyze period-to-period changes. Regular updates of these estimates will be carried out throughout 2012.

• Data on public sector employment for 140 countries, areas and territories are updated with biannual periodicity, the last update started at the end of 2010 and were finalized in 2011.

• A number of other data series are updated less frequently. These include the databases on :
  - household income and expenditure statistics;
  - informal employment;
  - employment in the informal sector;
  - trade union membership;
  - labour migration.

• In addition to expanding the coverage of the topics and the coverage of the countries and territories, significant efforts are being made to improve the quality of the statistics collected and disseminated and (ii) to reduce the reporting burden on national statistical bodies. The latter includes the collaboration with UNSD with respect to data sharing of statistics on the economically active population, the joint data collection with Eurostat for the Member States of the European Union on strikes and lockouts, and the use of electronic questionnaires. The Department of Statistics is working on the possibility of exchanging data and metadata more rapidly by using SDMX and other electronic means.

• A new survey to collect information on collective bargaining coverage and trade union density will be carried out in 2012. The purpose of this survey is to develop statistical indicators of social dialogue and workplace relations.

• In addition to expanding the coverage of the topics and the coverage of the countries and territories, significant efforts are being made to improve the quality of the statistics collected and disseminated and (ii) to reduce the reporting burden on national statistical bodies. The latter includes the collaboration with UNSD with respect to data sharing of statistics on the economically active population, the joint data collection with Eurostat for the Member States of the European Union on strikes and lockouts, and the use of electronic questionnaires. The Department of Statistics is working on the possibility of exchanging data and metadata more rapidly by using SDMX and other electronic means.

G-20 Labour Statistics Update Reports

• Given the ILO's recent status as a full member of the G20, it has been actively involved in providing up-to-date information on the impact of the current economic crisis on the labour market for G20 countries. In April 2010, the ILO produced a series of statistical labour market reports by country as well as the summary report for the full set of countries "Employment and labour market adjustments in G20 Countries during 2007-09 and outlook for 2010: A statistical overview" for the G20 Labour Ministerial Meeting in Washington, DC. The full set of documents can be found at: The ILO also produced the report, "Weak employment recovery with persistent high unemployment and decent work deficits: An update on employment and labour market trends in G20 countries" for the G20 Summit in Seoul, Korea held in November 2010; this document can be found at: This work continued in 2011, and will continue in 2012 as requested.

The ILO set of Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM)

• The Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) is a multi-functional research tool offered by the ILO with the aim of making labour market information and analysis easily accessible. It contains a core set of 18 labour market indicators and accompanying trends analysis that together provide a framework for monitoring various facets of the world of work. The first KILM was released in 1999. It has since become a flagship product of the ILO and is used on a daily basis by researchers and policy-makers throughout the world. The 7th edition was released in November 2011.

1.5 Income and consumption (ILO)
Household Income and Expenditure

New activities:

• Work is being planned on the preparation of a technical guide on household income and expenditure statistics, in collaboration with the International Household Survey Network.

Data collection:

• Statistics and metadata on household income and expenditure are available at

1.6 Social protection (ILO)
Social Security Schemes

The new ILO Social Security Inquiry collects statistics on social security expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels from both developed and developing world. Its revised methodological approach is compatible as far as possible with SNA, with the EUROSTAT-ESSPROS approach to social protection revenue, and expenditure statistics, with OECD Social Protection Expenditure database and with IMF's 2001 Government Finance Statistics guidelines. In addition, coverage and benefit level data are collected and used for constructing coverage indicators by social security risk or contingency. The ILO social security inquiry presents an inventory of national social protection schemes in order to collect data directly from the institutions that manage each of them, especially data on the coverage of the population, contributions and benefit levels and expenditure. In many countries, neither statistical offices nor ministries of welfare and social affairs collect data on all social protection programmes administered by different agencies. Data are collected and disseminated through the ILO Social Security Database, which contains on-line data entry module which can possibly be used directly by institutions administering social security schemes as well as automatic import utilities to include data from external compatible databases (such as SOCX OECD social expenditure data). A limited and regularly updated set of indicators on social security expenditure and coverage is now available for most Eastern European countries starting from 2000 to the latest available year. First results for nine countries in South-Eastern Europe were summarized in ILO (2005): Social Security Spending in South-Eastern Europe, Budapest: ILO. More recently updated data and indicators covering both expenditure and coverage have been published in the first edition of the World Social Security Report 2010/11.

• The ILO published The World Social Security Report 2010/11 Providing coverage in times of crisis and beyond with provides a factual basis to support the development of national social security policies. It is the first in a series of World Social Security Reports which will also help to monitor the global progress on social security coverage and thus support the ILO's campaign to extend coverage. The report and related statistical data and indicators in Excel format are available on-line on the ILO Social Security Department platform at:

• Historical data (1949-1993) on revenues and expenditure of social security schemes from 22 European countries are available on database on-line, deve loped by EURODATA Research Archive of the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) in cooperation with the ILO. Data for other countries are available on-line on the ILO website at

• The ILO has also published series of in-depth reports on social protection, which contain a broad range of statistics (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER). UNECE countries covered are Poland and the Slovak Republic.

• The ILO has developed - in cooperation with the Council of Europe - a manual on statistical data requirements and indicators related to reporting on compliance with ILO Convention No. 102 on minimum standards in social security and with the European Code of Social Security.

• The International Social Security Association (ISSA) continues its work to develop the statistical capacity of its members in developing countries and contributes to the development of international standards on social security/social protection statistics.

• The ILO intends to review and, if necessary, propose revisions to further develop the international standards on statistics of social security/social protection as laid down in the Resolution concerning the development of social security statistics, adopted by the 9th ICLS (1957). This was discussed at the 17th ICLS.

Data collection:

• Collection and analysis of statistical data on the performance of national social protection schemes in certain countries as well as on the extent of coverage by and exclusion from social protection (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER).

• Collection and analysis of statistical data on social protection expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels, available on the ILO Social Security Department Databases (with a broader focus than the previous "Inquiry into the Cost of Social Security"), see: the Social Security Inquiry, the social security expenditure and mechanisms databases (

• Collection of detailed statistical data for actuarial valuations of social security schemes.

• Within the framework of the activities on the informal economy, the Social Protection Sector is developing a module with limited number of questions on social protection to be integrated into the regular household surveys. This is undertaken by all units in collaboration with STAT with the aim of enhancing the use of this particular source to collect relevant data on social protection.

• The International Social Security Association (ISSA), in collaboration with the United States Social Security Administration, collects information on the range of contingencies covered by social security schemes and disseminates it with Social Security Programmes throughout the World (SSPTW) (see and with the ISSA information service, Social Security Worldwide. The ISSA also collects data on the legal framework and governance of Public Social Insurance Reserve Funds as well as their asset allocation and expenditure.

1.10 Political and other community activities (ILO)
Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining Agreements

Ongoing methodological work:

An updated and expanded database on trade union membership has been disseminated on the ILO Department of Statistics webpage. It is accompanied by a methodological note on sources of these statistics. This is just the first phase of building the social dialogue indicators database focused on collecting and updating key industrial relations data relating to trade union membership, trade union density and collective bargaining coverage. An appropriate methodology is also being developed with a view to applying a standard approach to the collection and analysis of such data. The inclusion of social dialogue indicators in the ILO annual questionnaire (see section on data collection) aims to provide a comprehensive account of available statistical information on trade union density and collective bargaining coverage and to provide inputs to the ILO for developing international guidelines for their measurement to enhance their comparability.

2. Economic statistics (ILO)
2.2 Economic accounts (ILO)
Informal Economy

Ongoing methodological work:

 • The ILO is continuing its methodological work on statistics of informal employment and informal sector employment, on the basis of the guidelines endorsed by the 17th ICLS (2003) as a supplement to the 15th ICLS resolution concerning statistics of employment in the informal sector. A technical Manual on Surveys of Informal Employment and the Informal Sector is being prepared in cooperation with the Delhi Group. The Handbook will be published in the second half of 2012.

• Following a request by the International Labour Conference in June 2002, the ILO continues to assist countries in the collection and dissemination of statistics on informal employment and informal sector employment.

• In collaboration with WIEGO, the ILO will publish in 2012 an update of the publication Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture. The publication presents the latest available national data on informal employment and informal sector employment as well as newly revised regional estimates.

Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment

Ongoing methodological work:

• The ILO will continue its methodological work to review and update the international standards on statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment. The updated draft standards will be presented at the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) in 2013 for discussion and possible adoption.

• As part of the preparatory work to update the statistical standards, the ILO will convene in, June 2012, the 3rdmeeting of the Working Group for the Advancement of Employment and Unemployment Statistics to further discuss the development of measures to supplement the unemployment rate.

• In collaboration with interested partners, the ILO will convene regional meetings through 2012 to inform countries about the proposed updates to the statistical standards and to expand the consultation process to a wider number of countries.


Household surveys

Ongoing methodological work:

• The ILO will continue its methodological work to develop a modular core set of model labour force survey materials based on international standards and best practices. The materials aim to serve as guiding tools for countries and practitioners' working in the design and/or review of labour force surveys or labour force modules for attachment to multipurpose household surveys.

Direct technical assistance:

• The ILO will continue to provide technical assistance to countries with the design and/or review of national labour force surveys.


• Developmental work is under way to produce statistics on cooperatives in collaboration with COOP. Measurement of cooperatives will be recommended in ongoing technical assistance to countries.

2.4 Sectoral statistics (ILO)
2.4.5 Tourism (ILO)
Tourism Statistics

• On the basis of an agreement which sets the framework for cooperation, the ILO and the World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) will continue collaborating in the area of employment and decent work in tourism. The agreement was approved by the ILO Governing Body at its 301st Session (March 2008) and ratified by the General Assembly of the UNWTO. Prior to the agreement, a new chapter on employment in the tourism industries was prepared and included in the 2008 International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics.

• The agreement is geared towards (a) improvement of reliability of data on employment in the tourism industries; (b) setting up and testing of a core set of decent work statistical indicators for measuring progress towards decent work in the tourism industries; (c) development of international guidelines on best practices of measuring employment in the tourism industries.

• In line with the agreement, a joint ILO/UNWTO publication entitled Technical Guide on Best Practices of Measuring Employment in the Tourism Industries will be prepared and published in 2012. The Guide will become an integral part of the International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008 Compilation Guide to be produced in 2012 by te UNWTO and the UNSD.

2.5 Government finance, fiscal and public sector statistics (ILO)
Social protection expenditure and revenues

Ongoing activities:

• The ILO Social Security Inquiry will continue collection of statistics on social security expenditure and financing; its methodological approach is compatible as far as possible with the SNA, the Eurostat-ESSPROS approach to social protection revenue and expenditure statistics, the OECD Social Protection Expenditure database and the IMF's 2001 Government Finance Statistics guidelines (see 1.6 for more details).

2.7 Prices (ILO)

• The ILO, as a focal point for consumer price indices within the UN system, continues to:
i) collect and disseminate annual and monthly consumer price indices for some 200 countries and to produce and disseminate descriptions of the national methodologies underlying these indices;
ii) promote implementation of the international standards on CPI; and
iii) provide technical assistance to member States.

 In addition to the regular updating of the CPI annual and monthly series, the updating of the methodological descriptions of national CP series is being planed for 2012. It will be done in cooperation with FAO.

In collaboration with the UNECE, the ILO is organazing a meeting on Consumer Price Indices that will take place on 30 May-1 June 2012 in Geneva.

The ILO continues to actively participate in the work of the Inter-Secretariat Working Group on Price Statistics (IWGPS). As an agency responsible for the coordination of future revisions of the CPI Manual, ILO will continue maintaining the electronic version of the CPI manual on-line (see A number of chapters have already been updated. The webpage contains the original version, errata and the latest corrected version.

2.8 Labour cost (ILO)
Wage Statistics

Ongoing methodological work:

• A manual on measurement of wages will be prepared that will provide guidance concerning the various concepts of income related to employment (i.e. labour cost, earnings, wage rates, employment related income, employee income and income from self employment) and their relationships; and the different approaches to measuring wages through establishments, households and administrative records. This manual will be done in collaboration with other international organisations and with national statistical institutes.

• Training and technical assistance will continue to be provided.

Data collection:

• Up-to date data on average wages by sex and industry are available on the ILO statistical website (
• Data on current minimum wages and the legal framework are regularly compiled and are available on the ILO website at:

3. Environment and multi-domain statistics (ILO)
3.3 Multi-domain statistics and indicators (ILO)
3.3.2 Gender and special population groups (ILO)
Gender statistics

• Training and technical assistance will continue to be provided on gender mainstreaming.

Child labour

Ongoing methodological work:

• The ILO has developed methodologies for child labour surveys, which have been or are being implemented in almost 80 countries at the national level, including 10 countries in the European region. In addition, over 90 baseline surveys and 100 rapid assessments have been supported, targeting specific issues on child labour in particular geographical locations.

• The ILO has developed a series of manuals and training materials covering different areas critical to efficient data collection, processing and analysis of child labour data. These are available on-line at

• The ILO has aided national capacity building activities by developing a child labour data repository, and information sharing among different departments for national and international policy development.

• The ILO continues to provide technical assistance to national statistics offices and other implementing agencies in order to enhance their capacity and improve the quality of child labour surveys.

• The ILO has teamed up with the World Bank, UNICEF, UNESCO and other international agencies in an effort to harmonize child labour data, child labour survey instruments, and child labour research efforts.

• International statistical measurement standards on child labour were established at the 18th ICLS (Geneva, 24 November - 5 December 2008).

• The ILO is pilot testing in selected countries methodologies for making national level and area specific estimates of the worst forms of child labour other than hazardous work.

• Training in child labour data collection through rapid assessments and baseline surveys is being provided for building national capacities through regional workshops.

Data collection and dissemination:

• The child labour data collected through ILO supported child labour surveys, is available to interested researchers.

• The ILO data archive on child labour is the largest micro-data repositories on child labour and is continually updated. It provides micro data, meta data, survey questionnaires, and national reports from ILO supported child labour surveys and is available on-line at as well as off-line.

• A database system hosted by ILO called CLInfo, which helps organize and present a set of standardized indicators on child labour and other children activities (as a variation of DevInfo) has been available on-line since October 2009. CLInfo will expand the access to, and usages of, child labour data from ILO supported surveys, as well as raise awareness and assist in informed policy making on child labour.

3.3.5 Indicators related to the Millennium Development Goals (ILO)
MDG Indicators

ILO, as the lead UN agency promoting full, productive employment and decent work for all has central responsibility for ensuring that all MDG employment indicators are used in national and international labour market monitoring systems. Embedding these indicators in national development strategies is also a foundation stone for Decent Work Country Programmes.

In order to facilitate calculations, and analysis of the MDG labour related  indicators but also the definitions and the potential sources od data, ILO has organised a number of workshops that support country-level analysis of the indicators, and highlight the linkages between the MDG employment indicators and the broader set of decent work indicators.

As in the previous year the ILO has prepared global, regional and country estimates , monitored the progress and analysed the trends of the following 5 MDG indicators:
- Growth rate of GDP per person employed;
- Employment-to-population ratio;
- Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day;
- Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment;
- Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector.

4. Methodology of data collection, processing, dissemination and analysis (ILO)
4.2 Classifications (ILO)

• The ILO Department of Statistics provided technical support to Eurostat and member states on the implementation the International Standard Classification of Occupations, 2008 (ISCO-08) in European and national statistical collections. This was achieved primarily by means of a Web forum hosted by Eurostat but also involved direct assistance to a number of countries.

• Data on occupation have been classified according to ISCO-08 in all relevant European Union collections from 2011 onwards.

• The English version of ISCO-08 will be released as an ILO publication early in 2012.  Documentation is available on the ILO Website in English, French and Spanish.

• All inquiries should be addressed to

4.3 Data sources (ILO)
4.3.1 Population and housing censuses, registers of population, dwellings and buildings (ILO)
Economic characteristics in Population Censuses

• The Department of Statistics will continue actively promoting the jointly published UN Statistics Division/ILO Handbook on the Measurement of the Economically Active Population through Population Censuses through training and seminars and providing technical advice, upon request.

4.5 Dissemination, data warehousing (ILO)

• The ILO's statistical Website ( has continued to be maintained and updated on a weekly basis. This site gives users access to a broad range of data contained in the ILO's statistical databases and makes it possible to view and download information free of charge. The associated national meta-information for each series is also available on-line on the Web site. The website is trilingual in English, French and Spanish, and it will continue to be maintained and developed in these three languages.

• The Department of Statistics website including the databases and dissemination applications have been reviewed and restructured in 2011 in accordance with the anticipated changes in data collection methods. The new relational database, named ILOSTAT, will be interactive, more user-friendly and offer more up-to-date information on decent work. It is expected to be launched publicly during the first quarter of 2012, including the Yearly data for 2009 and 2010 not collected the last year.

• In line with the collection of new statistical material, the entire program of dissemination through printed publications and CD-ROMs will be revised and enhanced. The main dissemination tool will be the Department's new data dissemination website, which will be updated weekly.

• Short Term Indicators database, launched during 2010 comprising monthly and quarterly information from about 100 countries and territories, will be fully integrated to the new ILOSTAT database.

• The possibility of collecting and disseminating data through SDMX (Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange) will be implemented as to give users and data providers the possibility of interchanging data electronically.

5. Strategic and managerial issues of official statistics (ILO)
5.2 Statistical programmes, priority setting, relationships with users and respondents (ILO)
Statistical Policy

• The ILO Department of Statistic was established in May 2009, which replaced the former ILO Bureau of Statistics, and is responsible, inter alia, for compiling and making available in a timely manner ILO statistics on the four pillars of Decent Work. Besides, it is responsible of coordinating the international standards setting of labour and decent work statistics and for hosting the International Conference of Labour Statisticians. The compilation, quality control and dissemination of ILO statistical information is now centrally managed and coordinated by the Department of Statistics. All statistical methodologies and databases carried out by different units within sectors and regions are coordinated by the Department of Statistics. All units, regions and sectors are requested to seek technical clearance from the Department of Statistics before disseminating and publishing global and regional statistical data.

• The Department defines and implements a statistical capacity-building programme for the Office and its constituents.

• The Director of the Department of Statistics serves as the ILO Chief Statistician and is consulted on all matters of data collection, statistical methodologies and major publications and releases of ILO statistical information.

5.5 Technological resources (including standards for electronic data exchange and data sharing) (ILO)
Statistical Information Collection and Processing

• An important effort will be made to collect and disseminate new statistics and indicators, for short term and also annual data. The new data collection application has been designed following the General Statistical Business Process Model (GSBPM), and included the definition of a new coding framework, including coded metadata and annotations system.

• As regards data collection, electronic questionnaires will be relied upon to a greater extent to collect data on new as well as more traditional indicators. Data received through electronic questionnaires will be automatically uploaded into the database for prompt dissemination. We will also continue to explore the possibilities of joint data collection with other international agencies (Eurostat, OECD, IMF and others), in order to alleviate the reporting burden on countries by similar international questionnaires. The possibility of exchanging data with EUROSTAT and OECD through SDMX already in place for the Short Term Indicators database, will be probably expanded during 2012 for other topics and regions.

• The day to day operations will be improved by means of using a tracking information system for monitoring the evolution of the data through the workflow, thus improving the overall quality of the Department outputs.

• As part of the new information system, all the satellite applications are being migrated from a SAS (Statistical Analysis Software) environment to the new Oracle environment, and the use of the SAS software will be limited to the processing of data for the purpose of data depuration and statistical analysis.

• The Sources & Methods database, comprising detailed information about methodologies used in the data production by the NSI's, will be adapted to conform to the DDI2 standard.

5.7 Technical cooperation and capacity building programmes (ILO)
Technical Assistance

• The statistical capabilities of ILO constituents vary, and a considerable upgrading of capacity is needed in many areas. The ILO provides technical support for labour and decent work statistics to member States in the form of technical advice and assistance, training, manuals, and technical cooperation projects. This assistance is provided under the auspices of the ILO's Decent Work Country Programmes. It is demand-driven, depending on the availability of resources. Requests for assistance may derive from the application of the Labour Statistics Convention 1985 (160).

• Technical assistance is served from the ILO Offices in Budapest, Moscow and, in the case of Mongolia, Bangkok, and by National Coordinators, as well as from the ILO Headquarters in Geneva.

Training Programme of the ILO Department of Statistics

• The ILO Department of Statistics' will maintain its training programme to support:
a) ILO constituents to increase their capacity to produce reliable statistics and labour market information for the best use in effective decision-making, to achieve decent work for all and;
b) to enhance ILO staff knowledge and use of modern statistical methods regarding data collection and analysis so as to optimize their service to member States, to assist them to meet their goals of Decent Work for all.

• The ILO will conduct its annual LMI2 course on "Designing labour force surveys and labour force modules for household surveys". The course in English will take place on 16-20 April 2012 at the ILO Training Center in Turin, Italy. Spanish and French versions of the course are expected to take place at the regional level.

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