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2.2 Economic accounts

National Accounts

Ongoing methodological work:

• Updating the 1993 SNA in collaboration with the Intersecretariat Working Group on National Accounts (ISWGNA) and supported by an Advisory Expert Group according to the established work programme for 2003-2009;
• Preparation of SNA data and conceptual assessments and analysis based on the UNSD national accounts database;
• In cooperation with the ISWGNA, ECLAC and INEGI Mexico, UNSD edits, publishes and disseminates worldwide the printed bi-annual ISWGNA newsletter "SNA News and Notes" in four languages. Also the electronic formats of English, French, Russian and Spanish versions are posted on the UNSD website. The newsletter contains information on developments in research issues relevant for the SNA and related international standards; clarifications, interpretations and changes in the SNA; country experiences in the SNA implementation as well as publications, meetings and seminars and other relevant information;
• Serving as a secretariat to the ISWGNA (Eurostat, OECD, IMF, United Nations and World Bank) aiming at the coordination of multilateral efforts to support the implementation of the SNA;
• Provide services to the Committee for Contributions of the United Nations including studying new proposals for the methodology in the scale of assessment, and the actual calculation of the scale of assessment. This also includes the provision of services to the Fifth Committee of the United Nations in respect to the methodology and the scale of assessment;

New methodological work:

• Prepare an update of the handbook on Accounting for production: Sources and methods;
• Prepare a handbook on Financial production, flows and stocks in the SNA (in cooperation with the ECB);
• Coordinate the work on integrated economic statistics;
• Develop long-term research agenda for the SNA in collaboration with the ISWGNA.

2.3 Business statistics

Industrial Statistics

• Further development of the industry statistics web-site;
• Investigation of possibilities of data transfer from EUROSTAT on industrial commodity production statistics to avoid duplications in data collection;
• Revision of the Manual on International Recommendations on Industrial Statistics;
• Revision of the Manual on Index Numbers of Industrial Production;
• UNSD continues the collection, processing and dissemination of global industrial commodity production statistics and maintains the industrial commodity statistics database containing data for about 200 countries and areas and more than 600 commodities. A revised UN List of Industrial products has been developed. Data collection based on this new list is now in progress. Production data is being provided in physical quantities and for the first time in monetary values. First publication on this basis is scheduled for release in 2007. UNSD continues the compilation and publication of index numbers of industrial production;
• UNSD continues compilation and dissemination of Index Numbers of Industrial Production for countries, geographic regions and the world;
• Industrial statistics are published in UNSD's Industrial Commodity Statistics Yearbook, in the UN Statistical Yearbook and in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics. Industrial Commodity Statistics datasets and the General Industrial Statistics Dataset are available in electronic format;
• Conduct of regional workshop on manufacturing statistics;
• Hosting of an Expert Group meeting on Industrial Statistics.

Distributive Trade Statistics

Priority objectives:

• Implementation of International Recommendations on Distributive Trade Statistics;
• Organizing two workshops on good practices in compilation of Distributive Trade Statistics.

Ongoing and new activities:

• Further development of the UNSD website on distributive trade statistics;
• Data and metadata exchange with OECD and EUROSTAT on distributive trade statistics to avoid duplications in data and metadata collection;
• Drafting of DTS Compilers Manual;
• Compilation of country practices on Distributive Trade Statistics;
• Drafting a handbook on good practices in compilation of distributive trade indices.

2.4.2 Energy

Energy Statistics

UNSD maintains responsibility for the production of global energy statistics data collection as well as the methodological development on energy statistics. UNSD maintains the most comprehensive database of worldwide energy statistics (production, trade, stock changes, bunkers and consumption) covering more than 200 countries and areas and time series from 1950. There is a close cooperation between UNSD and IEA/OECD, reducing the data collection burden. UNSD publishes the Energy Statistics Yearbook and the biennial Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles
UNSD maintains the international standards for energy statistics methodology - the energy statistics manuals are under revision.
UNSD supports regional capacity building through training energy statisticians in developing countries.

Priority objectives:

• Coordination of preparation of draft International Recommendations for Energy Statistics (IRES);
• Preparation of the UN Energy statistics database for on online access;
• Organizing training workshops for developing countries;
• Coordination and harmonization of the development on oil statistics in co-operation with APEC, EUROSTAT, IEA/OECD, OLADE and OPEC.

Ongoing work:

• Preparation of draft outline of IRES; review of inputs and preparation of integrated drafts;
• Conducting a worldwide consultation on scope and content of IRES;
• Development of the UN Energy Statistics Database including review of the existing data series as well as collection, processing and dissemination arrangements for both data and metadata;
• Working on improving transparency of oil statistics in collaboration with other international organizations active in this area (APERC, Eurostat, IAE/OECD, OLADE, OPEC and IEFS);
• Participation in the work of the Oslo group on energy statistics and the Intersecretariat working group on energy statistics;
• Preparation of a report on the current state of the energy statistics programme in the countries based on results of Global Assessment conducted in 2007;
• Supporting regional capacity building through training energy statisticians in developing countries;
• Further development of the energy statistics web-site.

2.4.4 Transport

Ongoing work:

Compilation of statistical series on international maritime transport and registration of new motor vehicles for dissemination in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics (MBS) and the MBS Online; compilation of statistical series on civil aviation for dissemination in both the MBS and the UN Statistical Yearbook.

2.6 International trade and balance of payments

International Merchandise Trade

Priority objectives:

• Organisation of the revision of International Merchandise Trade Statistics: Concepts and Definitions including a worldwide consultation on key issues;
• Further enhancements of the UN Comtrade database;
• Implementation of the 2007 edition of the Harmonized System and SITC, Rev.4.

Ongoing work:

• Organisation of a worldwide consultation on the key issues relevant to IMTS, Rev.2 revision process; done in cooperation with the UN Expert Group on IMTS and the Interagency Task Force on IMTS;
• Continuation of work on UN COMTRADE to provide more efficient public, governmental and international agency access;
• Coordination of international statistical work in the field of trade statistics (in co-operation with ECE, EUROSTAT, OECD, UNCTAD, FAO and other international organizations);
• UNSD and OECD will continue their cooperative efforts to further improve their data collection and data processing procedures based on the previously adopted common standards;
• Assisting developing countries in the identification of good data compilation practices.

International Trade in Services

Priority objectives:

• Revision of the Manual on Statistic of International Trade in Services (as part of TFSITS);
• Enhancement of the UN database on international trade in services (UN Service Trade);
• Organization of a workshop on statistics of international trade in services for developing and transitional countries.
Ongoing and new activities:
• UNSD will continue to be a member of the Interagency Task-Force on Statistics of International Trade in Services and will contribute to the revision of the Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services;
• UNSD will continue to publish the Newsletter of the Interagency Task Force on Statistics of International Trade in Services and maintain its website;
• Continuation of data collection activities on a worldwide basis in cooperation with other involved international organizations.

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