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2.4.2 Energy (IEA)

Activities of OECD-IEA

1) Improving the quality of energy statistics necessitates both a top down approach and bottom up approach. As regards the top down approach, it is essential that policy makers are fully aware of the importance of reliable and detailed energy statistics for any sound energy policy. The IEA takes every single opportunity to address the needs for better statistics and more resources allocated to statistics. For instance, the IEA gave several presentations at various IEA Committees as well as Governing Board meetings in 2009. In October, the IEA held a Ministerial Meeting, and again, statistics was one of the key points discussed in the meeting. A major decision was taken by Ministers regarding the launch of a new questionnaire on energy efficiency indicators. The message on the importance of more and better statistics starts to be well understood by member countries; for example, member countries have ranked energy statistics in second position of all IEA 25 programmes. This is a major success for the whole energy statisticians community.

2) As regards the bottom up approach and the need to improve the expertise of statisticians working on energy statistics, Eurostat and the IEA continue to extend the coverage and the outreach of their joint Energy Statistics Manual. On top of the 7 existing languages, the Manual has been translated in Arabic and in Farsi in 2009.
The IEA continued to produce an annual Reporting Card to assess the performance of OECD Member countries regarding the submission of their Annual Questionnaires. This has proven to be a very effective way of giving a feedback to the countries highlighting issues and strong points.

3) IEA together with the other 6 organisations behind the JODI initiative held the 7th World JODI Conference in June 2009. The Conference took place in Quito (Ecuador) and was very well attended by countries, organizations as well as by oil companies and oil analysts. This conference was a turning point in the development of the initiative; while in the first 6 conferences the emphasize was more on issues related to data collecting, the focus in Quito was more on the users side. Analysts were telling the participants how they like the JODI database and their wish list for further expanding the quality and the coverage.
As a consequence of the success of the JODI initiative, organizations have decided to extend the initiative (first on a trial period) to natural gas. Progress should be assessed at the next IEF Summit in Cancun (Mexico) in March 2010.

4) Major progresses have been achieved in 2009 regarding InterEnerStat. InterEnerStat gathers 25 organisations either collecting or using energy statistics. The objective of the initiative is to improve energy statistics by strengthening harmonization and cooperation between organizations.
In 2009, an expert assembled all the comments received in 2008 on the definition of each flow and each product from the participating organizations; after a careful compilation of these comments, the expert proposed a second revision of the definitions. The revised definitions were then circulated to all organizations ahead of a workshop organized at the IEA in October 2009. Most of the revised definitions were accepted by organizations; however, some definitions led to further discussion and decisions were made to further adjust the definitions. In December 2009, the IEA recirculated a new set of revised definitions. It is the hope of the IEA and other organizations that this new set will be the final set of definitions.
This is a remarkable achievement since this could lead to a common hierarchy in the products and the flows as well as common definitions paving the way for a possible joint questionnaire among organizations. The work of InterEnerStat could then picked up by the Oslo City Group and UNSD to feed the manual on energy statistics they are currently writing with the help of several countries and organizations.

5) Energy efficiency is high on the political agenda. However, there is an obvious lack of detailed data on sub-sectors and end-uses consumption. As a consequence, it is often very difficult to build meaningful energy efficiency indicators to support any sound energy efficiency policy or to assess the progress achieved by the policy.
As a consequence, the IEA is actively working on promoting statistics for energy efficiency indicators. The IEA organized a major workshop on this topic on 20-22 January 2009. The title of the workshop was: Data, Analysis and Policy: the Three Faces of Energy Efficiency Indicators. Over 100 participants participated in this major event. Participants provided very useful comments on the template; the comments were then incorporated in the template and circulated once again to member countries.
At the Ministerial meeting in October 2009, Ministers agreed to adopt this template as a new questionnaire for IEA member countries. This is a major success because no one can talk seriously about energy efficiency policy if there are no data to support the policy and the decisions, as well as to assess progress and failures.
In parallel, the IEA is working closely with key countries (such as China, Mexico and Russia) and organizations (APEC, EU, OLADE) to promote statistics on energy efficiency indicators.

6) To ease the reporting burden passed to its Member countries, the IEA has developed a very friendly web interface for the submission of the annual questionnaires to the IEA. The interface offers a wide range of options for the countries to fill up their questionnaires: directly entering the numbers either on tables or on time series, importing the data from their own databases, etc. Built in checks allow countries to pre-check their submissions before sending them.
After the success of the use of this interface for annual questionnaires, the IEA is now working on a similar interface for monthly reporting. The monthly interface will be first tested in early 2010 for release before mid 2010.

Priority objectives for the methodological work to be taken in the next two years

1) JODI: Extension of JODI to natural gas and selected annual data.

2) InterEnerStat: Finalisation and agreement on a set of common definitions of flows and products for 25 international and regional organizations dealing with energy statistics.

3) Energy Efficiency Indicators: After the agreement by Energy Ministers, the IEA will start collecting annual data to build energy efficiency indicators. Moreover, to facilitate the completion of the questionnaire on energy efficiency indicators, the IEA will write a manual on statistics for energy efficiency indicators: what indicators, to build, what data are needed, how to collect the data, etc.

4) The IEA will finalise the monthly version of the web interface. This version will be used by the countries to report their monthly oil submissions as well as JODI questionnaires.

5) The IEA will continue its work on improving the quality and coverage of gas trade flows. Natural gas is becoming more and more important in the energy mix of many countries. However, it is more and more difficult to have a clear picture of who imports what from whom due to the multiplication of transit countries and confidentiality issues. As a starting point, the IEA will release on internet an interactive map of European gas trade flows in early 2010.


The 5th meeting of the Oslo Group (UNSD)

Location: Ireland
Description: Oslo City Group 5 co-organised by Ireland, UNSD and the Oslo City Group Secretariat. The IEA, being the Chair of the InterEnerStat initiative, take an active role in the workshop.
From: 01-Feb-2010 To: 05-Feb-2010

Energy Statistics Working Group meeting

Location: Paris
Description: Every 5 or 6 years, Heads of statistics of OECD, EU, and UNECE countries gather at the iEA in Paris to discuss new development in terms of energy statistics, needs to change in the annual questionnaires and any other topic which could improve the coverage and the quality of energy statistics in the countries. A meeting will be organized in 2010.
Dtaes to be decided

A JODI workshop on natural gas

Location: Russia (tentatively)
Description: To launch the extension of the JODI initiative to natural gas, the IEF Secretariat together with the other 6 JODI organizations will organize a workshop on JODI gas. Dates and venues to be decided.
Dates to be decided

A workshop on energy efficiency indicators

Location: Paris (tentatively)
Description: As a follow up to the decision of the Energy Ministers to adopt the energy efficiency template as a new annual reporting questionnaire for IEA member countries, the IEA will organize a workshop to explore the template. Questions, definitions as well as functions of the template will be presented.
Dates to be decided

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