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Gender statistics

•  Since the adoption of the guidelines for mainstreaming gender in labour statistics by the 17th ICLS in 2003, the ILO has been active in providing technical assistance to countries wishing to start a national programme of gender statistics.  The technical assistance has been carried out directly to countries, such as Moldova and Macedonia in the ECE region, or as part of regional workshops, organised by the ILO or by other UN agencies.  The ILO Department of Statistics will continue providing technical assistance as required. In order to increase visibility of gender in national production of statistics, the ILO will make available materials online for users and producers of statistics, interested in gender mainstreaming in labour statistics.

•  Since 1973, the ILO has compiled national statistics on employment, unemployment, wages and hours of work by sex, on an annual basis. It also compiled, on an ad-hoc basis, statistics on employment by detailed occupational groups and sex.  All these statistics are useful to understand the situation of men and women in the labour market. However, they are not enough.  As the international guidelines stipulate, there are many other topics of significant importance to gender concerns, as well as specific breakdowns – most notably, by sex, family composition - for which no international compilation exists.  The ILO Department of Statistics plans to assess the feasibility of such an international compilation for a selected number of topics.

•  A paper on the definition and measurement of violence at work has been prepared and will be presented as a room document at the 19th ICLS.

Child labour


Ongoing work:


• The ILO has developed methodologies for child labour surveys, which have been or are being implemented in almost 80 countries at the national level, including 10 countries in Europe and Central Asia. In many countries, repeater national child labour surveys have been conducted. In addition, in most of these countries several baseline surveys and rapid assessments have been supported, targeting data collection for specific issues on child labour in particular geographical locations.

• The ILO has developed a series of manuals and training materials covering different areas critical to efficient data collection, namely, sampling, field operations, questionnaire development, data processing and the analysis of child labour data. These are available on-line at

• The ILO has aided national capacity building activities by providing training on child labour data collection, developing a child labour data repository, and information sharing among different departments for national and international policy development.

• The ILO continues to provide technical assistance, often with accompanying financial support, to national statistics offices and other implementing agencies in order to enhance their capacity and improve the quality of child labour surveys.

• The ILO has teamed up with the World Bank, UNICEF, UNESCO and other international agencies in an effort to harmonize child labour data, child labour survey instruments, and child labour research efforts.

• International statistical measurement standards on child labour were established at the 18th ICLS (Geneva, 24 November - 5 December 2008).

• The ILO is pilot testing in selected countries methodologies for making national level and area specific estimates of the worst forms of child labour other than hazardous work, as for commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).

Data collection and dissemination:

• To promote sustainability of child labour data collection, ILO advises countries with scarce financial and personnel resources to combine the labour force and national child labour survey in view of similarity in the structure of the questionnaires.

• The child labour data collected through ILO supported child labour surveys, is available to interested researchers.

• The ILO data archive on child labour is the largest micro-data repositories on child labour and is continually updated. It provides micro data, meta data, survey questionnaires, and national reports from ILO supported child labour surveys and is available on-line at as well as off-line.

• A database system hosted by ILO called CLInfo, which helps organize and present a set of standardized indicators on child labour and other children activities (as a variation of DevInfo) has been available on-line since October 2009. CLInfo will expand the access to, and usages of, child labour data from ILO supported surveys, as well as raise awareness and assist in informed policy making on child labour.