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NOTE: WORK IN PROGRESS!!!

This table is maintained by UNECE and updated with information collected from UNECE, United Nations Statistics Division, National Statistical Offices and Census Agencies.  Users who would like to submit additional/updated material or information, or suggest corrections, may send us an e-mail

The colour of the text identifies the type of census*: black for traditional census, blue for combined census, red for register-based census, brown for rolling census (short definitions for these types of censuses are provided at the bottom of the table).

SORTING THE TABLE: The table can be sorted by clicking on the header of each column. For instance, countries/censuses can be sorted by census reference date, or by type of census, clicking on the header of the respective columns.

Country

Census ref. date (YYYY-MM-DD)

Type of census*

Use of Internet response (estimated or target take up rate)

Use of electronic devices for field collection

Census forms in PDF format (when applicable)

Technical papers and reports

Link to census websites and results

Albania

2021-10-01

Traditional

No

No

 

 

English website

Andorra

2019-10-01

Combined (registers + sample survey)

 

  

 

English website (NSI)

Armenia

2020-10-08

Traditional

No

No 

 

English website
Russian website

Austria

2021-10-31

Register-based

Not applicableNot applicableNot applicable 

English website "Population census"
English website "Register-based census"

Azerbaijan

2019-10-01

Traditional

No

Yes, possibly (tablets, handheld devices) 

 

 

Belarus

2019-10-04

Traditional

No

Tablets (in urban areas only) 

 

Russian website

English website (unofficial Google translation from Russian)

Belgium

2021-01-01

Register-based (+ data from existing surveys)

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

French website

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2021-03-31Traditional

No

No

 

 English website

Bulgaria

2021-03-01

Traditional

Yes (estimated take-up 50%)

No

 

 

English website

Canada

2021-05

Combined (enumeration + admin. data for selected variables)

Yes (68.6% internet response in 2016)

No

Forms used for 2016 census

 

English website

Croatia

2021-03-31

Combined (registers + full collection for selected variables)

Yes, possibly (estimated take up 20%)

Laptop

 

 

English website

Cyprus

2021-10-01

Combined (registers + full collection for selected variables)

Yes, possibly (estimated take up 30%)

Yes

 

 

English website

Czechia

2021-03-01

Combined (registers + full collection for selected variables)

Yes (estimated take up 55%)

   

English census page on NSI website

Denmark

2021-01-01

Register-based 

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

 

Estonia

2020-12-31

Register-based 

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

English census website

Finland

2020-12-31

Register-based

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

English website

France

2021-01-21 (3rd Thursday of each year)

Rolling census

Yes (estimated take up 60%)

No

Individual form (English)
Dwelling form (English)
Forms and instructions (various languages) 

Pour comprendre le recensement (in French)
Census metadata (English)

Census website (French)
Documentation on census results (English)

Georgia

2024? (not decided yet)

 

   

 

English website

Germany

2021-05-09

Combined (registers + sample survey for selected variables)

Yes (estimated take-up 50% for households, 80% for housing)

 

 

 

English website (destatis.de)

Greece

 

 

 

 

 

 

English website

Hungary

2021-10-01

Combined (enumeration + admin. data for selected variables)

Yes (estimated take up 30-40%)

Yes

 

 

English website

Iceland

2021-12-31

Register-based

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

English website

Ireland

2021-04-18

Traditional

Yes (target take up 50-70%)

 

 

 

English website

Israel

2020-12-31

Combined (registers + sample survey for selected variables)

Yes, possibly (estimated take up 30%)

Tablets, handheld devices

Not applicable

Coverage Challenges

Rolling Integrated Census

Quality assessment

The Integrated Census

English website

Italy

2021-10-10

Combined (registers + sample survey)

Yes

Tablets, smartphones, PCs

 

 

Population census home page (in Italian)

Population census home page (unofficial Google translation in English from Italian)

Kazakhstan

2020-02-25

Traditional

Yes, possibly (expected take up about 30%)

Yes, possibly (tablets) 

 

Census website (available in Kazakh and Russian)

Kyrgyzstan

2020-03-23

Traditional

No

No  

 

Latvia

2021-01-01

Register-based

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

English website

Liechtenstein

2015-12-31Traditional (to be confirmed)Yes Individual form (German) 

German website

Preliminary results

Lithuania

2021-01-01

Register-based

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

English website

Luxembourg

2021-02-01Combined (registers + full collection for selected variables)Yes (estimated take up 20%)No
 

 

French website
Website in English (unofficial Google translation from French)

Malta

2021-11-22TraditionalYes, possibly   

English website

Monaco

2016-06-07TraditionalNoNo  

French website

Montenegro

2021-01-01Combined (registers + sample survey) or register-basedNo   

English website

Netherlands

2021-01-01

Register-based  (+ data from existing surveys)

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

Dutch Census 2011

Dutch census saves time and money

 

Norway

2021-01-01

Register-based

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

Census without questionnaire

Census 2011 - About the survey

Poland

2021-03-31Combined (registers + sample survey)Yes (estimated take up around 30%)Tablets 

Paper on transformation of administrative data to statistical data

English website

Portugal

2021-03-22Traditional (+ possibly admin. data for selected variables)Yes (expected take up about 70%)Tablets, handheld devices  

Portuguese website

Website in English (unofficial Google translation from Portuguese)

Republic of Moldova

 

2021/2022 - Not yet decidedTraditionalYes, possiblyYes, possibly (tablets) 

 

Romanian website 
Website in English (unofficial Google translation from Romanian)
English website (limited information) 

Romania

2021-03-01Combined (registers + full collection for selected variables)Yes (estimated take up at least 20-30%)   

English website

Russian Federation

2020-10-01TraditionalYes, possibly (expected take up 10-30%)Yes, possibly (tablets) 

Paper on experience of 2010 census and prospects for 2020 census 

Russian website
English website (limited information)

San Marino

Not planned 

 

 

 

 

Italian website
English website (unofficial Google translation from Italian)

Serbia

2021-03-31TraditionalYes, possibly (estimated take up 25%)Yes, possibly (tablets or laptops)  

Serbian website
English website (limited information)

Slovakia

2021-01-01Combined (registers + full collection for selected variables)

Yes (estimated take up rate 75%)

Laptops  

English website 2021 census

Results 2011 and 2001 censuses

Slovenia

2015-01-01, 2018-01-01, 2021-01-01Register-based

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

English website

Spain

2021-01-01 (TBC)Register-based  (+ data from existing surveys)

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

Paper on use of registers in the Spanish Census

English website

Sweden

2021-12-31Register-based

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

 

Switzerland

2020-12-31 (every year)

Combined (registers + sample survey)

Yes (estimated take up 30-40% of the persons in the sample)

 

Census form of the structural sample survey - multilingual translation aid

 

English website
French website
Italian website
German website 

Tajikistan

2020-10-01TraditionalNo   

Russian website
English (unofficial Google translation from Russian)

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2021-04-01Not yet decidedNo  

 

English website

Turkey

2021-12-31Register-based  (+ data from existing surveys)

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

 

English website

Turkmenistan

2022? (not decided yet)    

 

NSI website (in Russian and Turkmen)

Ukraine

2020-10-30TraditionalNoNo 

 

Ukrainian website
English website (unofficial Google translation from Ukrainian)

United Kingdom

2021-03-21Combined (enumeration + admin. data for selected variables)Yes (assumed take up rate 65-75%)   

English 2021 Census website

United States

2020-04-01

Traditional enumeration with yearly updates

Yes (assumed internet take up rate 47%)

Yes

American Community Survey (ACS) forms and instructions

US 2020 Census Operational Plan (version 3.0 available)

US 2020 Census Integrated Communications Plan

General information about the ACS

2020 Census website

Uzbekistan

2020TraditionalYes, possibly  

 

*

 * Definitions of the main types of censuses:

  • Traditional census: census based on full field enumeration, using paper forms and/or internet response; registers and admin sources can be used to support the enumeration but not to obain directly census data.
  • Combined census:some census data is obtained directly from registers or admin sources, while other data are collected through field data collection covering the whole population or only a sample. 
  • Register-based census: census based only on data from registers and admin sources, with no field data collection; data for selected variables can be derived from existing surveys.
  • Rolling census: census based on a cumulative continuous sample survey covering the whole country over an extended period of time (in France, over five years).

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